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Term:   Salesian Society
Definition: "Our Congregation is approved...We are no longer private individuals but a Society, a visible body.." (BM IX, 26).


A more formal description of an alternative term, Salesians of Don Bosco (rather than a definition, though it contains elements of such) is found in Constitution 2 of the SDB Constitutions: "We, the Salesians of Don Bosco (SDB) form a community of the baptized. Submissive to the bidding of the Spirit we are resolved to carry out the Founder's apostolic plan in a specific form of religious life to be in the Church signs and bearers of the love of God for young people, especially those who are poor".
    But cf. description below.

POS (part of speech). Can be more than one:
     POS 1: N/phrase     
     POS 2: ---


Term type ('EntryTerm' if no other applies):
     Type 1: EntryTerm     
     Type 2: ShortForm


Term status:
     for POS 1: General     
     for POS 2: ---
(General=also found outside Salesian usage; Salesian=possibly not well understood beyond Salesian circles; Neologism, Archaic, Deprecated refer to the term's status in Salesian discourse)


Recommended equivalent (it): SocietÓ salesiana


(In most cases the Italian term will be the official source term. In other cases below, if the term has its source in another language, this will be indicated by an [S] following the term.)


Recommended equivalent (es):


Recommended equivalent (fr):


Recommended equivalent (pt):


Suggested equivalent (other):


Other language:
Language code chosen from IANA registry]


Society of St Francis de Sales (complete official title), Salesian Congregation, Pious Salesian Society (of historical value but deprecated as a term), Pious Society (also deprecated), Salesians of Don Bosco (the most common title in ordinary use today), Salesians (normally understood as SDBs, within the context of the Salesian Family of Don Bosco, but when 'Salesian' is understood as an adjective, it could apply more generally)


Geographical/Regional usage:


At Pope Pius IX's suggestion, Don Bosco, who up until then (1859), referred to the Congregation of St Francis de Sales as involving both 'interns' and 'externs', adopted the term "Pious Society of St Francis de Sales" to describe the 'interns'. The Salesian Society in that understanding came into being on December 9/18, 1859.
We know that Don Bosco's original concept (in a Rule he had sketched out and presented to Pius IX in March 1858), was for a society or congregation which allowed its members to be "a religious for the Church and a free citizen in civil society". Even as late as 1880 he was still claiming that the Salesians were not a religious congregation but a charitable religious organisation to help abandoned young people and that the Latin word 'vow' might be understood as 'promise' in Italian! (Cf Lenti, Vol 3, Don Bosco History and Spirit, pg 289).
The founding document of the Salesian Society was drawn up on December 18, 1859. It is interesting to note that its wording speaks of "a society or congregation...".
Whatever Don Bosco's real intentions, thwarted in some ways by his being gradually forced into the ecclesiastical structure, this new 'society or congregation', which we should really recognise as 'The Salesian Society' was distinct from the 'Congregation of St Francis de Sales'.


Context (examples of use):


Other notes:
In contemporary Canon Law terms, the Salesian Society, or Society of St Francis de Sales, or Salesians of Don Bosco is a religious institute (whose members profess public vows received by the Church and have a stable state of life lived together in community in accordance with an approved Rule, thus distinct from a Secular Institute whose members take vows but do not live in community, or a Society of Apostolic Life, whose members live in community but do not take vows); an Institute of Pontifical Right (officially recognised by the Apostolic See and dependent on it, available for the service of the Church, able to foster its charism and spirit for the good of the universal Church and particular Churches); an institute of active life dedicated to various works of the Apostolate; and a clerical institute where the service of government is entrusted at every level to a member who is a priest (cf Can. 588,2).




This section is intended for authorised users to add new information or alter existing information

POS (part of speech). A term may be more than one POS
(1) (2)



Term type ('EntryTerm' if no other applies)
(1) (2)   
[Initialisms like AGC are regarded as acronyms; a term like 'Bro.' is an abbreviation; an example of short form instead would be the main part of a very long book title (most of DB's book titles! 'Giovane Provveduto' is a short form). A loan term is not translated whereas a calque is. A blend is where two (or more) morphemes or 'word' parts have been combined to form a single term, as in the case of 'austraLasia'. Choose variant when there exists at least one other common form of the term. ]


Term status (General=also found outside Salesian usage; Salesian=possibly not well understood beyond Salesian circles; Neologism, Archaic, Deprecated refer to the term's status in Salesian discourse)
(1) (2)   
[Archaic refers to terms that have fallen out of regular use. Deprecated indicates official disapproval or if not disapproval, official abandonment at least. A neologism is a term that has come into play relatively recently - say, since Vatican II, but the time frame can be flexible.]


Recommended equivalent (it). In most cases the Italian term will be the official source term




Recommended equivalent (es)




Recommended equivalent (fr)




Recommended equivalent (pt)




Suggested equivalent (other) (Where it is the source term indicated with [S] and appropriate language code [chosen from IANA registry])






[The definition should not be imagined! It is assumed that it exists either in a reputable dictionary (or at least in similar words) or in some authoritative Salesian reference (e.g. the Constitutions, AGC or similar public document, Lenti's 7 volume series, and so on]




Geographical/Regional usage
[Certain terms are common in restricted parts of the Congregation. We have one 'prior' but only in INB; in some parts of Asia the Salesian community is called a 'convent', but not elsewhere]



[Etymological information, mostly]


Context (examples of use)

[English usage, obviously]  


Other notes
[Room here for more personal observations, private opinion if felt to be useful]


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